Noncommutative Analysis

Month: January, 2013

Some links and announcements

  • The course “Advanced Analysis” is over. The lecture notes (the part that I prepared) are available here. Comments are very welcome. I hope to teach this course again in the not too far future and complete the lecture notes (add notes on Banach and C*-algebras, spectral theory and Fredholm theory). The homework exercises are available here, at the bottom of the page (the webpage is in Hebrew but the exercises are in English). 
  • In April Ken Davidson will be visiting our department at BGU. On this occasion we will hold a short conference, dates: April 9-10. Here is the conference page. Contact me for more details.
  • There are some interesting discussions going on in Gowers’s Weblog (see “Why I’ve joined the bad guys” and “Why I’ve joined the good guys” and some of the comments), regarding journals, publishing, new ideas, APCs, and so forth. The big news is that Gowers (after he kind of admits that being an editor of Forum of Mathematics makes him one of the bad guys) is now connected to another publishing adventure, that of epijournals, or arxiv overlay journals, which makes him one of the good guys (Just to set things straight: I think Gowers is a good guy). BTW: Gowers makes it clear that the credit for this initiative does not belong to him but to others, see his post.
  • I promised myself to stop writing about this topic, but I guess I am still allowed to put a link to something that I wrote about this in the past. So here is a link to a letter (also other letters) I sent to Letters to the Editor of the Notices. It is a response to this article by Rob Kirby.

Advanced Analysis, Notes 17: Hilbert function spaces (Pick’s interpolation theorem)

In this final lecture we will give a proof of Pick’s interpolation theorem that is based on operator theory.

Theorem 1 (Pick’s interpolation theorem): Let z_1, \ldots, z_n \in D, and w_1, \ldots, w_n \in \mathbb{C} be given. There exists a function f \in H^\infty(D) satisfying \|f\|_\infty \leq 1 and 

f(z_i) = w_i \,\, \,\, i=1, \ldots, n

if and only if the following matrix inequality holds:

\big(\frac{1-w_i \overline{w_j}}{1 - z_i \overline{z_j}} \big)_{i,j=1}^n \geq 0 .

Note that the matrix element \frac{1-w_i\overline{w_j}}{1-z_i\overline{z_j}} appearing in the theorem is equal to (1-w_i \overline{w_j})k(z_i,z_j), where k(z,w) = \frac{1}{1-z \overline{w}} is the reproducing kernel for the Hardy space H^2 (this kernel is called the Szego kernel). Given z_1, \ldots, z_n, w_1, \ldots, w_n, the matrix

\big((1-w_i \overline{w_j})k(z_i,z_j)\big)_{i,j=1}^n

is called the Pick matrix, and it plays a central role in various interpolation problems on various spaces.

I learned this material from Agler and McCarthy’s monograph [AM], so the following is my adaptation of that source.

(A very interesting article by John McCarthy on Pick’s theorem can be found here).

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Advanced Analysis, Notes 16: Hilbert function spaces (basics)

In the final week of the semester we will study Hilbert function spaces (also known as reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces) with the goal of presenting an operator theoretic proof of the classical Pick interpolation theorem. Since time is limited I will present a somewhat unorthodox route, and ignore much of the beautiful function theory involved. BGU students who wish to learn more about this should consider taking Daniel Alpay’s course next semester. Let me also note the helpful lecture notes available from Vern Paulsen’s webpage and also this monograph by Jim Agler and John McCarthy (in this post and the next one I will refer to these as [P] and [AM] below).

(Not directly related to this post, but might be of some interest to students: there is an amusing discussion connected to earlier material in the course (convergence of Fourier series) here).

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Souvenirs from Bangalore

I recently returned from the two week long workshop and conference Recent Advances in Operator Theory and Operator Algebras which took place in ISI Bangalore. As I promised myself before going, I was on the look-out for something new to be excited about and to learn. The event (beautifully organized and run) was made of two parts: a workshop, which was a one week mini-school on several topics (see here for topics) and a one week conference. It was very very broad, and there were several talks (or informal discussions) which I plan to pursue further.

In this post and also perhaps in a future one I will try to work out (for my own benefit, mostly) some details of a small part of the research presented in two of the talks. The first part is the Superproduct Systems which arise in the theory of E_0-semigroups on type II_1 factors (following the talk of R. Srinivasan). The second (which I will not discuss here, but perhpas in the future) is the equivalence between the Baby Corona Theorem and the Full Corona Theorem (following the mini-course given by B. Wick). In neither case will I describe the most important aspect of the work, but something that I felt was urgent for me to learn. 

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