Noncommutative Analysis

Category: Operator algebras

Seminar talk

Next Tuesday, May 19th, at 14:30 (Israeli time), I will give a video talk at the Séminaire d’Analyse Fonctionnelle “in” Laboratoire de mathématiques de Besançon. It will be about my recent paper with Michael Skeide, the one that I announced here.

Title: CP-Semigroups and Dilations, Subproduct Systems and Superproduct Systems: the Multi-Parameter Case and Beyond.

Abstract: We introduce a framework for studying dilations of semigroups of completely positive maps on von Neumann algebras. The heart of our method is the systematic use of families of Hilbert C*-correspondences that behave nicely with respect to tensor products: these are product systems, subproduct systems and superproduct systems. Although we developed our tools with the goal of understanding the multi-parameter case, they also lead to new results even in the well studied one parameter case. In my talk I will give a broad outline and a taste of the dividends our work.

The talk is based on a recent joint work with Michael Skeide.

Assumed knowledge: Completely positive maps and C*-algebras.

Feel free to write to me if you are interested in a link to the video talk.

Dilations of q-commuting unitaries

Malte Gerhold and I just have just uploaded a revision of our paper “Dilations of q-commuting unitaries” to the arxiv. This paper has been recently accepted to appear in IMRN, and was previously rejected by CMP, so we have four anonymous referees and two handling editors to be thankful to for various corrections and suggested improvements (though, as you may understand, one editor and two referees have reached quite a wrong conclusion regarding our beautiful paper :-).

This is a quite short paper (200 full pages shorter than the paper I recently announced), which tells a simple and interesting story: we find that optimal constant c_\theta, such that every pair of unitaries u,v satisfying the q-commutation relation

vu = e^{i\theta} uv

dilates to a pair of commuting normal operators with norm less than or equal to c_\theta (this problems is related to the “complex matrix cube problem” that we considered in the summer project half year ago and the one before). We provide a full solution. There are a few ramifications of this idea, as well as surprising connections and applications, so I invite you to check out the nice little introduction.

CP-Semigroups and Dilations, Subproduct Systems and Superproduct Systems: the Multi-Parameter Case and Beyond

Michael Skeide and I have recently uploaded our new paper to the arxiv: CP-Semigroups and Dilations, Subproduct Systems and Superproduct Systems: The Multi-Parameter Case and Beyond. In this gigantic (219 pages) paper, we propose a framework for studying the dilation theory of CP-semigroups parametrized by rather general monoids (i.e., semigroups with unit), and we use this framework for obtaining new results regarding the possibility or impossibility of constructing or having a dilation, we use it also for obtaining new structural results on the “mechanics” of dilations, and we analyze many examples using our tools. We present results that we have announced long ago, as well as some surprising discoveries.

This is an exciting moment for me, since we have been working on this project for more than a decade.

“Excuse me, did you really say decade?”

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The complex matrix cube problem – new results from summer projects

In this post I will summarize the results obtained by my group in the “Summer Projects Week” that took place two weeks ago at the Technion. As in last time (see here for a summary of last year’s project) the title of the project I suggested was “Numerical Explorations of Open Problems from Operator Theory”. This time, I was lucky to have Malte Gerhold and Satish Pandey, my postdocs, volunteer to help me with the mentoring. The students who chose our project were Matan Gibson and Ofer Israelov, and they did fantastic work.

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Around and under my talk at Fields

This week I am attending a Workshop on Developments and Technical Aspects of Free Noncommutative Functions at the Fields Institute in Toronto. Since I plan to give a chalk-talk, I cannot post my slides online (and I cannot prepare for my talk by preparing slides), so I will write here what some ideas around what I want to say in my talk, and also some ramblings I won’t have time to say in my talk.

[Several years ago I went to a conference in China and came back with the insight that in international conferences I should give a computer presentation and not a blackboard talk, because then people who cannot understand my accent can at least read the slides. It’s been almost six years since then and indeed I gave only beamer-talks since. My English has not improved over this period, I think, but I have several reasons for allowing myself to give an old fashioned lecture – the main ones are the nature of the workshop, the nature of the audience and the kind of things I have to say]. 

In the workshop Guy Salomon, Eli Shamovich and I will give a series of talks on our two papers (one and two). These two papers have a lot of small auxiliary results, which in usual conference talk we don’t get the chance to speak about. This workshop is a wonderful opportunity for us to highlight some of these results and the ideas behind them, which we feel might be somewhat buried in our paper and have gone unnoticed. 

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